例 1—Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 1026 _______ off at 18: 20.
A. takes B. took C. will be taken D. has taken
例 2 This machine _______. It hasn’t worked for years.
A. didn’t work B. wasn’t working C. doesn’t work D. isn’t working
例 3 The house belongs to my aunt but she _______ here any more.
A. hasn’t lived B. didn’t live C. had lived D. doesn’t live
例 4Months ago we sailed ten thousand miles across this open sea, which _______ the Pacific, and we met no storms.
A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called
例 5 I have to go to work by taxi because my car _______ at the garage.
A. will be repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. has been repaired
例 6Since I won the big prize, my telephone hasn’t stopped ringing. People _______ to ask how I am going to spend the money.
A. phone B. will phone C. were phoning D. are phoning
常用的这类动词有：go, come, leave, arrive, land, meet, move, return, start, stay, stop, give, change, fly, work 等。
例 7Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belt. The plane _______.
A. takes off B. is taking off
C. has taken off D. took off
例 8It’s said that the early European playing-cards ________ for entertainment and
A. were being designed B. have designed C. have been designed D. were designed
【解析】句中的 the early 说明以前欧洲扑克牌的设计是为了娱乐和教育，用一般过去时说明过去某个特定时间发生的
例 9My cousin went to Canada two years ago. He _______ there for a few months and then went to America.
A. worked B. would work C. would be working D. has been working
【解析】此题中的 two years ago 说明是发生在过去的事情，所以答案是 A。
例 10—Has Sam finished his homework today?
—I have no idea. He _______ it this morning.
A. did B. has done C. was doing D. had done
例 11—What were you doing when Tony phoned you?
—I had just finished my work and _______ take a shower. A. had started B. started C. have started D. was starting
例 12Although medical science _______ control over several dangerous diseases, what worries us is that some of them are
A. achieved B. has achieved C. will achieve D. had achieved
例 13My friend, who _______ on the International Olympic Committee all his life, is retiring next month.
A. served B. is serving C. had served D. has served
【解析】此题中的时间状语 all his life 说明我的朋友从过去到现在一直在奥委会工作，答案应是 D。
例 14My brother is an actor. He _______ in several films so far.
A. appears B. appeared C. has appeared D. is appearing
例 15Now that she is out of a job, Lucy _______ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet.
A. had considered B. has been considering C. consider D. is going to consider
【解析】因为失业，Lucy 一直考虑重返校园，但是到现在还没做出决定,所以答案为 B。
常见动词是：cut, sell, read, write, fill, cook, lock, wash, drive, keep 等。
常见动词是：look, smell, taste, sound, feel, prove, turn out 等。
例 16 The roast duck_______delicious and a lot_______in two hours.
A. was tasted;was sold B. tasted;was sold C. was tasted;sold D. tasted;would sell
【解析】根据所给情景，taste 应为连系动词，英语中连系动词不用被动语态，所以第一空填 tasted，后半句意为“烤鸭
例 17 The roast dark which Mr and Mrs White prepared_______well.
A. sold B. had been sold C. was sold D. would sell
3. 五个“发生”：happen, take place, occur to, break out，come about 等。
例 18 ___is well known to everyone, the Olympic Games_______every four years.
A. It; are held B. As; take place C. That; happen D. As; break out
【解析】本题考查定语从句和表示“发生”等词的用法。A 项 it 不对，are held 正确，改成以下句子正确：It is well
known to everyone that the Olympic Games are held every four years. C、D 项中 That 与 break out 不妥，B 项中 as 引导的定
语从句修饰 the Olympic ... 整个句子，take place 相当于 are held，所以答案为 B。
【例 1】What we used to think impossible now does seem possible.
A.is B.was C.has been D.will be
解析:句意为：我们原先认为不可能的事,如今确实显得可能了。此句貌似简单，实则相当复杂。What we used to think
为主语从句的主语从句，答案 was 为主语从句的谓语动词，主句的谓语动词为一般现在时。
【例 2】was giving a talk to a large group of people,the same talk I to half a dozen other groups.
A.was giving B.am giving C.had given D.have given
【例 3】Look at the timetable.Hurry up!Flight 4026 off at 18:20!
A.takes B.took C.will be taken D.has taken
班在 18 点 20 分起飞。
【 江西卷】26.--Look! Somebody the sofa.
--Well, it wasn’t me. I didn’t do it.
A.is cleaning B.was cleaning C.has cleaned D.had cleaned
【 湖南卷】33. -- I remember you were a talented pianist at college. Can you play the piano for me?
-- Sorry, I ____ the piano for years.
A. don't play B. wasn't playing C. haven't played D. hadn't played
【解析】根据 remember, can 可知语境为现在，for years 得出为从过去到现在，所以用现在完成时态。动词的时态 现
【 湖南卷】27. The moment ____ soon, he thought to himself, waiting nervously.
A. came B. has come C. was coming D. is coming
【解析】根据 soon 可知为将来的事情，且是直接引语，应为现在，所以选 D，进行时态表将来。动词的时态 现在进
【 湖南卷】25. Close the door of fear behind you, and you ____ the door of faith open before you.
A. saw B. have seen C. will see D. are seeing
【 重庆卷】27. Food supplies in the flood-stricken area ______.We must act immediately before there’s left.
A. have run out B. are running out C. have been run out D. are being run out【答案】B
【解析】分析题干语境可知，食品供应即将耗尽。run out 为不及物动词短语，不能使用被动形式，由此可排除 C 和
D 两个选项。B 选项为现在进行时态，可以表示将来，符合题意。因此，正确答案为 B 选项。
【 重庆卷】22.-kevin,you look worried. Anything wrong?
-Well, I____ a test and I’m waiting for the result.
A. will take B. took C. had taken D. take
【解析】根据答语的后半句可知，现在 Kevin 正在等待测试的成绩，参加测试为一个过去的动作，应该使用一般过去
时态。因此，正确答案为 B 选项。
性状语常为 in the past, yesterday, just now, the day before yesterday, last week, in 2000, two weeks ago 等。
【 辽宁卷】33. Jack is a great talker. It’s high time that he something instead of just talking.
A. will do B. has done C. do D. did
【解析】在句型 “It’s high/ very time that…”中， 从句中的谓语动词用 did 或 should do.所以选 D 项。
【 辽宁卷】31. I feel so excited! At this time tomorrow morning I to Shanghai.
A. will be flying B. will fly
C. have been flying D. have flown
【解析】at this time tomorrow morning 作时间状语，所以用将来进行时，选 A 项。
【 四川卷】9.—Did you catch what I said? 高 666 考%%资&&&源##网
—Sorry. I ______ a text message just now.
A. had answering B. have answered C. would answer D. was answering
【解析】句意为：“你听懂我所说的了吗?”“对不起。我刚刚在回短信。”根据句意及时间状语 just now 可知，回短信的
【 陕西卷】24.—Can I call you back at two o’clock this afternoon?
—I’m sorry, but by then I______ to Beijing. How about five?
A. fly B. will fly C. will be flying D. am flying
【解析】根据问句中的 two o’clock 和应答句中的 by then 可知所填词表示的动作在当时正在进行，用将来进行时，选
【 北京卷】22. By the time you have finished this book, your meal ______ cold.
A. gets B. has got C. will get D.is getting
【解析】此处 by the time 后接现在时，表示将来之前发生的动作，故用将来时。
【 北京卷】25. George said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he ______.
A. wouldn’t B. didn’t C. hasn’t D. hadn’t
【解析】前半句的 would come 是过去将来时，但是仍然发生在过去.
【 北京卷】30. Our friendship _____ quickly over the weeks that followed.
A. had developed B. was developing
C. would develop D. developed
【 全国 II】18. The manager ______ the workers how to improve the program since 9 am.
A. has told B. is telling C. has been telling D. will have told
早上 9 点开始就一直在不停的告诉工人们如何改进这个项目。根据句意选 C。
【 全国 II】14. ---Did you ask Sophia for help?
---I ______ need to – I managed perfectly well on my own.
A. wouldn’t B. don’t C. didn’t D. won’t
【解析】句意：---(过去)你向 Sophia 寻求帮助了吗?---我没有必要向她求助。我自己就很完美的处理了。对话的内
【 天津卷】The three of us___________around Europe for about a month last summer.【A】
A. travelled B. have travelled C. had travelled D. travel
【 天津卷】The letters for the boss___________ on his desk but he didn’t read them until three later. A. were put B.
was put C. put D. has put
【 全国新课程】33. I had been working on math for the whole afternoon and the numbers ____ before my eyes.
A. swim B. swum C. swam D. had swum
【 全国新课程】23. "Life is like walking in the snow", Granny used to say, "because every step_____ ”
A. has shown B. is showing C. shows D. showed
【 山东卷】34. The manager was concerned to hear that two of his trusted workers ______.
A. will leave B. are leaving C. have left D. were leaving
【解析】此处用过去进行时表示过去将来时。这里 were leaving 表示：过去要离开。句意：听到自己最信任的两个职
【 山东卷】28. After Jack had sent some e-mails, he _______ working on his project.
A. had started B. has started C. started D. starts
【 届河北省普通模拟】27. ----Hi，Jack!When did you arrive in Berlin?
-----Last weekend. I __________ a different culture since then.
A. was experiencing B. will be experiencing
C. have been experiencing D. had been experiencing
【 届河北省普通模拟】32.It_________five or ten years before the new medicine is tested on human beings.
A. will take B.took C.takes D. has taken
【解析】考查动词时态。句意：5 或 10 年后这种新药才能在人类身上试验。
【 届保定市高三第一次模拟】22.“You'd better not ring me up between 9 and 10. I________an important meeting
then"，Dr. Lee said.
A. have B. had C. was having D. will be having
【解析】考查动词时态。此处考查的是将来完成时 will be having。句意：你在 9 和 10 点之间， 那时我将正在开
【 届保定市高三第一次模拟】26. If only I could have helped you!But I really________no good idea how.
A. have B. had C. have had D. had had
【 届北京海淀区高三一模】21. ---What happened to Bill?
---He _____ really fast when suddenly he ran headfirst into a parked car.
A. had run B. was running C. has run D. has been running
【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。后面的 suddenly 提示一瞬间的突发性动作，所以前后应该是过程+突发瞬间的逻辑
关系，描述过程使用 B 选项过去进行时。C 选项强调完成，D 选项强调最近一直，都和现在有关，排除。A 选项描述
过去的过去，即过去动作的先后顺序，就要理解为 run 跑的动作发生在前，完成后再发生 run into 撞上的动作，明显是
【 届北京海淀区高三一模】24. ---Do we have to wear our school uniforms tomorrow?
---I think so. We _____ the coming-of-age ceremony in the afternoon.
A. will be attending B. have attended C. attend D. attended
【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。根据原文的 tomorrow 和 in the afternoon，明显可以了解动作发生在将来，所以排除
表现过去+现在的 B 选项、表现纯现在的 C 选项和表现纯过去的 D 选项。此题极其简单，干扰项设置值得商榷。
【 届江西省上饶市第一次模拟】28.—Who do you guess I am?
—Sorry，your name my mind.
A.slipped B.has slipped C.had slipped D.slips
【 届四川省成都石室中学高三二诊模拟】17.—How long ___ like this?
—Three weeks! It's usual here that rain ___ without stopping these days of the year.
A.has it rained; pours B.is it raining; is pouring
C.has it been raining; pours D.does it rain; pours
【 届四川省成都石室中学高三二诊模拟】20.—Mary, are you sure your aunt ___ back from America?
—Yes.My mother ___ me.I am going to see her now.
A.has come; told B.came; had told C.had come; tells D.is coming; has told
【 届河南省郑州市高三第二次质量预测】28. —Do you know what Kate is doing now?
—Well, she _______ a book when I saw her a while ago.
A. is reading B. had read C. read D. was reading
【 届河南省郑州市高三第二次质量预测】30. The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people
_______ to eat more fruit and vegetables.
A. have persuaded B. are persuaded C. persuade D. will be persuaded
【 届河南省郑州市高三第二次质量预测】33. I wonder if Sally has lost my phone number. I _____her call for the last
A. had expected B. have expected C. am expecting D. have been expecting
【解析】查动词时态。句意：我想知道 Sally 是否丢了我的电话号码。我最后两个小时一直在等她的电话。
【 届江西省六校联考】23.—If it hadn’t been raining so hard, I might have been home much earlier.
—It’s too bad you _____ it. Nancy _____ here and she ____ to see you.
A. didn’t make; is; was B. won’t make; will be; wants
C. didn’t mak e; was; wanted D. wont’ make; would be; wanted
【 届江西省六校联考】34. Our food supply _____. We’d better get some in case there’s ____ left.
A. is running out, none B. has run out of, none C. is using up, nothing D. has used up, nothing
【 届河北省邯郸市高三第一次模拟考试】34. — Are you still very busy?
— Yes, I the report for the manager and it won’t take long.
A. have just finished B. am just finishing C. had just finished D. am just going to finish
【 届甘肃省高三第一次诊断】18.---Sorry, sir, your car isn’t ready yet.It ____ by our workers.
--- Oh, my God, when can I come to fetch it?
A.is repaired B.has been repaired C.is being repaired D.will be repaired
【 届贵州师大附中高三年级检测】15. —I hope you liked the concert last night.
—How on earth do you know I went to the concert? I ____ you.
A. haven’t told B. hadn’t told C. didn’t tell D. won’t tell
【 届山西太原五中 4 月月考】25. Some analysts predict that slowing economic growth ________ enterprises
reduce their intake of new workers.
A. contributes to B. has led to C. will cause D. will see
【解析】考查动词时态及用法。此处根据 see sb do sth 可知选 D。
【 届山西太原五中 4 月月考】27. ---Have you seen the movie The King's Speech?
--- No. Who _____ it?
A. had directed B. has directed C. directed D. directs
【解析】考查动词时态。电影 The King's Speech 已经上映，上映导演是过去的动作。故用一般过去时。
【 届江苏省苏、锡、常、镇四市高三调研测试(一)】23. Jeremy, who _____ on his food, looked up at the mention of
the word cash.
A. has been concentrating B. has concentrated C. had been concentrating D. had concentrated
【 届吉林省吉林市高三第二次模拟】27.— That’s the third time he’s won the award in this field.
— Yes. He __ his maximum potential in the past decade.
A. explored B. is exploring C. has been exploring D. has explored
【 届山东省菏泽重点高中高三下学期 4 月模拟】23. Professor James will give us a lecture on the Western culture, but
when and where _______ yet.
A. hasn’t been decided B. haven’t decided C. isn’t being decided D. aren’t decided
【解析】 现在完成时表示已经完成的动作或从过去某个时候开始一直延续到现在的动作。根据时间状语 yet 可判断出
要用现在完成时。因为主语与 decide 之间存在被动关系，所以要用现在完成时的被动语态，表示“还没有被确定下来”。
【 届广西桂林市、崇左市、百色市、防城港市联合调研】27.I _____while listening to music. Luckily, Jack
woke me up in time!
A.had fallen asleep B.have fallen asleep C.fall asleep D.fell asleep
【 届广西桂林市、崇左市、百色市、防城港市联合调研】34.Have you seen my dog? I for it and still
haven’t found it.
A.looked B.was looking C.have been looking D.had been looking
【河南省郑州市 届英语信息卷(三)】9. I was giving a talk to a large group of people, the same talk I______to half a
dozen other groups.
A. am giving B. was giving C. have given D. had given
【解析】考查动词时态。主句用的时态为过去进行时，而 the same talk 所发生的时间在此之前，因此表示“过去的过去”，故用过去完成时态。